The top technology predictions for the worldwide manufacturing industry in 2020
5IR will require manufacturers to incorporate AI, managed infrastructure, advanced analytics and even robotics to remain relevant, while delivering on customer service.
It is no secret that the manufacturing sector is critically important for both developed and emerging economies. From producing necessities like food for a nation to creating much-needed jobs, the sector is a source of innovation, productivity and global trade. According to McKinsey, the sector now accounts for approximately 16% of global GDP and 14% of employment.
The sector has also had to evolve rapidly to meet global needs, while recovering from the global recession. McKinsey goes on to say that by 2025, a new global consuming class will have emerged, and the majority of consumption will take place in developing economies. This will create rich new market opportunities. Meanwhile, in established markets, demand is fragmenting as customers ask for greater variation and more types of after-sales service.
Many are viewing technology as the vital ingredient that manufacturers need to apply to their business. Here are my predictions for how technology will metamorphose manufacturing in the next few years.
1. The augmentation of human ability
Artificial intelligence (AI) is no longer just an industry catch-phrase. According to an Accenture report titled "AI is the new UI", despite scepticism that AI is just another technology buzzword, its momentum is very real. Some 85% of executives surveyed in the report state that they will invest extensively in AI-related technologies over the next three years. The report goes on to say that with AI in place, interactions with customers will move from straightforward transactional models to multi-dimensional conversations spanning a variety of complementary channels. Within the manufacturing sector, this could take the form of an AI chatbot.
This takes me to my first prediction: the rise of the augmentation of human ability. Chatbots, or "digital citizens", have enabled or augmented human ability by allowing manufacturing businesses to make decisions much faster. What is important is the fact that the chatbot is not replacing the human element in customer service, but is rather adding value by offering customers a 24/7 touchpoint. Technology is simply enhancing human abilities in order to place the customer at the centre of a business.
2. 5IR and the ‘digital opportunity’
By 2023, the IDC predicts that the global economy will finally reach "digital supremacy", with more than half of all GDP worldwide driven by products and services from digitally transformed enterprises. The truth is that the digital revolution is inevitable, and it is vital to embrace the digital opportunity or face the risk of redundancy in a highly competitive world.
For the manufacturing sector, the fifth industrial revolution (5IR) will require manufacturers to incorporate a level of AI, managed infrastructure, advanced analytics and even robotics to remain relevant. Deloitte calls this digital “muscle-building”, where technology will allow manufacturers to connect and monitor every facet of their business. All this while their ability to flex production, delivery and customer support continues to be important.
3. The circular economy and the evolution of sustainability
According to Nielsen’s recent global sustainability report, 81% of respondents feel strongly that companies should help improve the environment by implementing programmes to this effect. There is also an appeal for the manufacturing sector to contribute to the global sustainability zeitgeist by opting into the "circular economy".
The circular economy is a simple concept. It essentially refers to the re-use of resources and the decrease of waste. Each product at end-of-life becomes a new resource rather than merely being discarded. It recognises the value of waste items, repurposing them as alternative resources that can be used again and again in a circular goods cycle.
For example, a plastics manufacturer could incorporate more recycled content in each packaging unit that it sells. Energy reduction is another byproduct of the circular economy. By reducing energy usage, the environmental benefits of less air pollution will soon follow. Technology can make this process a lot easier. Increased intelligence can help managers and directors make decisions on a range of topics, from planning the factory floor in a more efficient manner and buying more energy-efficient machines to looking at implementing a full green initiative.
4. Advanced food tracking and packaging
An article on the World Economic Forum site indicates that about 600 million people suffer from food poisoning every year, according to the World Health Organisation, and 420 000 die as a result. When an outbreak occurs, investigators can spend days or weeks tracking its source. A good example is the recent recall of lettuce within the US, where reports stated that least 40 people in 16 states had fallen ill because of a strain of E. coli traced back to the lettuce. Of those, 28 have been hospitalised.
Increasingly, technology is playing a more pivotal role in risk detection as opposed to disaster recovery. This is known as traceability, where technologies such as ERP allow manufacturers to meet consumer demands for food transparency, while enhancing the ability to identify, respond to and even prevent food safety issues.
5. The wise pivot
With the competitive landscape changing, businesses have had to investigate the option of shifting away from traditional business models. The shift is called a wise pivot, and it is sometimes a necessary move for companies to remain relevant in a highly competitive landscape. It also talks to the generation of new revenue streams, only made possible by the introduction of the digital opportunity. Some famous examples include Netflix, which started out as a DVD rental service; or Starbucks, which started off selling espresso makers and coffee beans.
The introduction of new technologies has also opened the door for more opportunities within the manufacturing sector. Manufacturing leaders are investing in new connected services offerings, which will facilitate an integration both within and beyond their enterprise. For example, instead of excess stock (such as chairs) being obsolete and in stock for months, a manufacturer can now place inventory items in a third-party platform such as Amazon.
6. Point-of-Sale at The Edge
Another pivot that has been observed in recent years is that many manufacturers are extending their supply chain to end-customers through a retail service. This requires a Point-of-Sale system that delivers an overall good customer experience. In order to achieve this, customer data should be maintained at The Edge to keep the traffic and processing local in order to reduce latency. This system should also keep working without interruption should the network or main server go down.
7. Every enterprise is a platform
According to the 2020 IDC Future Scape Report, by 2023, 60% of the G2000 will have a digital developer ecosystem with thousands of developers; half of those enterprises will drive 20% and more of digital revenue through their digital ecosystem/platform. In a nutshell, this refers to how manufacturers could transition into more of a platform enterprise, where they make money from services delivered via apps and APIs on a scalable technical foundation.
8. Greater customer engagement
Despite continuous technological shifts, one element remains the same: your customer experience journey needs to remain phenomenal. According to an article on ChannelFutures.com, your customers’ perception of your brand, and ultimately, their buying behaviour, is directly tied to their end-to-end experience with your company’s products and services, employees, Web site, apps, marketing and promotional materials, and more. The article goes on to say that an important part of delivering a good customer experience is the reliance on interconnectivity and integrated workflows. This has been made possible with technologies such as SYSPRO Enterprise Resource Planning.
Ultimately, the manufacturing sector has seen constant growth and change with the introduction of new technologies ranging from AI to IOT. Customers are also calling for greater sustainability efforts, quicker response times and improved service levels. As long as every business decision is made with the customer in mind, technology can offer a digital opportunity for manufacturers to flourish in 2020 and beyond.
SYSPRO is a global, independent provider of industry-built ERP software designed to simplify business complexity for manufacturers and distributors. Focused on delivering optimised performance and complete business visibility, the SYSPRO solution is highly scalable, and can be deployed on-premise, in the cloud, or accessed via a mobile device. SYSPRO’s strengths lie in a simplified approach to technology, expertise in a range of industries, and a commitment to future-proofing customer and partner success.
SYSPRO has more than 15,000 licensed companies in over 60 countries across six continents.
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