Bar code inventory for small business

Johannesburg, 01 Apr 2020
Read time 5min 30sec

Inventory management is an essential aspect for many businesses – big or small. While it is possible to track inventory by hand or with spreadsheets, using a bar code inventory system is much more efficient in the long run. It’s time to take control of your inventory and save yourself time, money and unnecessary work with a bar code inventory system.

In simple terms, a bar code is a picture with numbers or text, and the picture represents data visually. The picture stores information and, with a scanner, that product information can be instantly transferred to a computer.

1D – One-dimensional bar codes are made up of vertical black lines and the space between the lines allows the scanner to identify the product.

2D – Two-dimensional bar codes are typically square-shaped and consisted of different dots and shapes that store information. These bar codes can hold more information than 1D bar codes. 2D bar codes can also store website information, and you can scan the barcode with your phone to take you to that website.

As a business grows, the need for a bar code inventory system becomes more and more necessary with more inventory to handle. Implementing one now will prepare you for the future and give you several benefits in the meantime!

A bar code inventory system is much more accurate than keeping inventory by hand. Human error can be severely reduced with bar codes and your inventory will have more accurate data. In fact, studies show that a person will make at least one date-entry mistake every 250 keystrokes. A computer has an error rate of one error every 36 trillion characters scanned.

With bar codes, you can easily find out what you have in stock and what you don’t. When a customer buys a product, you can scan the bar code and take it out of your inventory records immediately. You will always have accurate and real-time inventory data so you can make proper business decisions throughout the day.

With bar codes on your inventory, all of your products can be instantly read and data can be easily transferred to a computer. This will make the process of checking a customer out after a purchase much faster. Instead of manually entering each product and figuring out the total price, the computer can do it for you.

How to start:

Creating a bar code inventory system is much more inexpensive than people think.

First, you will need to create a product code. You can have a universal product code (UPC bar codes) or stock keeping unit (SKU).

A UPC can be found on most products and are standardised for business use. To receive a UPC, you can register with Global Standard 1 to get a unique code for your company. This code can be used to identify and track products across the globe.

A UPC has many benefits. It can protect your company’s brand from theft, allow you to sell on Amazon, allow customers to access information about the product online, and they can be used in most inventory management systems. A UPC is typically 12 digits long and used for external use.

You also have the option of using a custom SKU number for your products. SKU codes can be created manually or in an inventory management software. A SKU is unique to a company, used for internal operations like keeping track of stock and are typically eight digits.

From there, you need to create a bar code for each product code. You can use an online bar code generator to create a bar code for free or utilise a bar code software.

Next, you need to print your bar code on bar code stickers. Most standard inkjet and laser printers can print bar codes with a label sheet. However, thermal printers are best for printing bar code labels. The recurring costs for thermal printers are much lower than inkjet and laser printers. Not only that, but thermal printers are very easy to maintain, have a longer run life compared to other printers, and are fast and quiet. Thermal labels do come in a couple of different varieties. If you are new to thermal printers, you might want to check out our go-to guide for printing bar code and shipping labels.

Picking a scanner:

Having bar codes won’t do a business much good if you don’t have a scanner to get the information from the bar code. There are a few different options when it comes to buying a bar code scanner.

If you are looking for mobility and flexibility, you can get a wireless scanner. These scanners require batteries and you will need to ensure you always have backup batteries ready. These scanners are perfect for real-time inventory management and you won’t be restricted by a power cord. With wireless scanners, you can save the data onto a memory card and put it in the computer later, connect to a computer with Bluetooth, or buy a scanner that stores the information on the device itself.

There is also the option for a wired scanner. Wired scanners are usually more inexpensive than wireless, but they don’t offer as much flexibility. The scanner will need to be plugged into an outlet and the computer that you are storing inventory information on. Wired scanners are very easy to use and are great for checking customers out.

Small businesses will benefit most from a handheld bar code scanner, whether it be wired or wireless. Expect to spend around $100 on a scanner. That may seem pricey, but the investment will be well worth it in the long run.

Choosing a software:

There are several options for bar code software, but not every software will be a perfect fit for your company. Each software has different advantages and disadvantages, so it is important to explore your options and look at the needs of your company.