Paying attention to the challenges and reasons behind project failure will help to avoid these pitfalls.
One of the hallmarks of an effective IT organisation is its ability to successfully implement projects. As a result, project management has become an important tool for implementing an organisation's business strategy.
Forward-thinking IT leaders have realised that the commodity functions of IT, like keeping the network up and the servers humming, are now a baseline expectation. Increasingly, projects are becoming the yardstick through which success or failure is measured. Managing IT projects can be a mammoth undertaking, especially those with six-figure budgets and ambitious roll-out schedules.
There is neither room nor tolerance for project delays and budget overruns.
The market demonstrates increasingly complex IT architectures, an expanding convolution of compliance, the proliferation of convergence technologies and the rise of cloud computing models. Without doubt, the current business landscape is more volatile and more challenging than ever before. It is no secret that for a company to stay at the top of its game, it needs to constantly consider myriad new solutions that have the potential to harness greater efficiencies and reduce both capital and operational expenditure.Chances are that new systems will entail an upgrade or refresh of the IT infrastructure – projects that are critical to the company's success. With the fragile economy, it is now more important than ever that the highest standards are applied to project management in the organisation – there is neither room nor tolerance for project delays and budget overruns. Increasingly, however, companies are being forced to manage critical projects with limited staff, smaller budgets and fewer resources.
As a result, all too often CIOs find themselves engaged in an ongoing struggle to deliver their IT projects in line with expectations. Do any of these pain points sound familiar?
Projects are consistently completed late, over budget, or fail to meet agreed upon requirements; standard processes and techniques are applied haphazardly, stress and overtime work run rife throughout the project's life cycle, and the end results fail to deliver the business value promised.
Indeed, statistics demonstrate that a high percentage of IT projects miss the mark. According to a 2009 study* by the Standish Group, only 32% of all IT projects 'succeed' (delivered on time, on budget, with required features and functions), 44% are 'challenged' (late, over budget, and/or with less than the required features and functions) and 24% 'fail' (cancelled prior to completion or delivered and never used).
What causes so many IT projects to flounder? There are many reasons. Managing an IT project is a juggling act. IT is always moving, changing, adapting and challenging business. IT projects fail because they're simply harder. They include the usual project management factors, such as deadlines, budget constraints and too few people to devote to the project. But they also face unique technology challenges, from hardware, operating system, network or database woes, to security risks, interoperability issues, and the changes manufacturers make to their hardware and software configurations.
IT project management is complicated further by shifting business needs and demanding stakeholders, the combination of which creates the perfect storm for project inefficiencies and failures. And the problem only intensifies as IT grows ubiquitous.
Insufficient planning is another common cause for the demise of IT projects. Organisation, rigour and discipline are non-negotiable. Companies need to consider the resources they have to devote to a project, the skills required, and realistically consider the time it will take to develop, test and implement the project deliverables. Without proper planning, companies will have little chance of completing the project on time, on budget or with the required functionality, which are three common factors for project success.
IT projects also often fail because they're rushed. Because so many companies today rely on IT for competitive advantage, they speed through development efforts and systems implementations in order to be first to market with new, IT-based products, services and capabilities. But projects that are tackled without sufficient time being set aside for planning, risk assessment and testing will be doomed from the start. Without proper planning, there will be little chance of completing the project on time, on budget or with the required functionality, which are three common factors for project success.
IT projects will always involve a certain element of risk, that's the nature of the beast. There are so many technology variables in an average IT network that it is nearly impossible to plan for everything that may arise. Nevertheless, putting in place a robust yet flexible project management methodology and having a competent partner will go a long way to putting the next IT project on the path to success.
When project failures and ineffective project management practices impair business performance, organisations look for solutions. The good news is that project management success is within a company's grasp – if it is done right.
Success can be achieved by using sound project management techniques and processes which can increase the likelihood of the project being completed on time, within budget, and to an acceptable level of quality.