South Korea to ban crypto-currency trading

There are more than a dozen crypto-currency exchanges in South Korea.
Read time 4min 10sec
There are more than a dozen crypto-currency exchanges in South Korea.

The South Korean government on Thursday said it plans to ban crypto-currency trading, sending Bitcoin prices plummeting and throwing the virtual coin market into turmoil as the nation's police and tax authorities raided local exchanges on alleged tax evasion.

The clampdown in South Korea, a crucial source of global demand for crypto-currency, came as policymaker around the world struggled to regulate an asset whose value has skyrocketed over the last year.

Justice minister Park Sang-ki said the government is preparing a Bill to ban trading of the virtual currency on domestic exchanges.

"There are great concerns regarding virtual currencies and justice ministry is basically preparing a Bill to ban crypto-currency trading through exchanges," said Park at a press conference, according to the ministry's press office.

A press official said the proposed ban on crypto-currency trading was announced after "enough discussion" with other government agencies, including the nation's finance ministry and financial regulators.

Once a Bill is drafted, legislation for an outright ban of virtual coin trading will require a majority vote of the total 297 members of the National Assembly, a process that could take months or even years.

The government's tough stance triggered a selloff of the crypto-currency on both local and offshore exchanges.

The local price of Bitcoin plunged as much as 21% in midday trade to 18.3 million won ($17 064.53) after the minister's comments. It still trades at around a 30% premium compared to other countries.

Bitcoin was down more than 10% on the Luxembourg-based Bitstamp at $13 199, after earlier dropping as low as $13 120, its weakest since 2 January.

South Korea's crypto-currency-related shares were also hammered. Vidente and Omnitel, which are stakeholders of Bithumb, skidded by the daily trading limit of 30% each.

Park Nok-sun, a crypto-currency analyst at NH Investment & Securities, said the herd behaviour in South Korea's virtual coin market has raised concerns.

Indeed, Bitcoin's 1 500% surge last year has stoked huge demand for crypto-currency in South Korea, drawing college students to housewives and sparking worries of a gambling addiction.

"Virtual coins trade at a hefty premium in South Korea, and that is herd behaviour showing how strong demand is here," Park said. "Some officials are pushing for stronger and stronger regulations because they only see more [investors] jumping in, not out."

Raids

There are more than a dozen crypto-currency exchanges in South Korea, according to the Korea Blockchain Industry Association.

The proliferation of the virtual currency and the accompanying trading frenzy have raised eyebrows among regulators globally, though many central banks have refrained from supervising crypto-currencies themselves.

The news on South Korea's proposed ban came as authorities tightened their grip on some of the crypto-currency exchanges.

The nation's largest crypto-currency exchanges like Coinone and Bithumb were raided by police and tax agencies this week for alleged tax evasion. The raids follow moves by the finance ministry to identify ways to tax the market that has become as big as the nation's small-cap Kosdaq index in terms of daily trading volume.

Some investors appeared to have taken pre-emptive action.

"I have already cashed most of mine [virtual coins] as I was aware that something was coming up in a couple of days," said Eoh Kyung-hoon, a 23-year-old investor.

Bitcoin sank on Monday after Web site CoinMarketCap removed prices from South Korean exchanges, because coins were trading at a premium of about 30% in Asia's fourth largest economy. That created confusion and triggered a broad selloff among investors.

An official at Coinone told Reuters that a few officials from the National Tax Service raided the company's office this week.

"Local police also have been investigating our company since last year, they think what we do is gambling," the official, who spoke on condition of anonymity, said and added that Coinone was cooperating with the investigation.

Bithumb, the second largest virtual currency operator in South Korea, was also raided by the tax authorities on Wednesday.

"We were asked by the tax officials to disclose paperwork and things yesterday," an official at Bithumb said, requesting anonymity due to the sensitivity of the issue.

The nation's tax office and police declined to confirm whether they raided the local exchanges.

South Korean financial authorities had previously said they are inspecting six local banks that offer virtual currency accounts to institutions, amid concerns the increasing use of such assets could lead to a surge in crime.

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