SpaceX launches astronauts into space in historic flight
Elon Musk’s company SpaceX has sent an international crew of astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS) following a successful launch on the first National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)-certified commercial human spacecraft system in history.
NASA’s SpaceX Crew-1 mission lifted off at 7:27pm EST Sunday from Launch Complex 39A at the agency’s Kennedy Space Centre in Florida.
The SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket propelled the Crew Dragon spacecraft with NASA astronauts Michael Hopkins, Victor Glover and Shannon Walker, along with Soichi Noguchi of the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), into orbit to begin a six-month science mission aboard the space station.
“NASA is delivering on its commitment to the American people and our international partners to provide safe, reliable and cost-effective missions to the International Space Station using American private industry,” says NASA administrator Jim Bridenstine.
“This is an important mission for NASA, SpaceX and our partners at JAXA, and we look forward to watching this crew arrive at station to carry on our partnership for all of humanity.”
NASA says the Crew Dragon spacecraft, named Resilience, will dock autonomously to the forward port of the station’s Harmony module about 11pm on Monday, 16 November.
“I could not be more proud of the work we’ve done here today,” says Gwynne Shotwell, president and chief operating officer of SpaceX. “Falcon 9 looked great, Dragon was dropped off into a beautiful orbit about 12 minutes into the mission, and we'll get more data as we go.”
The Crew-1 mission is the first of six crewed missions NASA and SpaceX will fly as part of the agency’s Commercial Crew Programme.
According to NASA, this mission has several firsts, including the first flight of the NASA-certified commercial system designed for crew transportation, which moves the system from development into regular flights; the first international crew of four to launch on an American commercial spacecraft; the first time the space station’s long duration expedition crew size will increase from six to seven crew members, which will add to the crew time available for research; and the first time the Federal Aviation Administration has licensed a human orbital spaceflight launch.
The astronauts named the Crew Dragon spacecraft Resilience, highlighting the dedication teams involved with the mission have displayed and to demonstrate that when working together, there is no limit to what can be achieved, NASA says, adding they named it in honour of their families, colleagues and fellow citizens.
“Watching this mission launch is a special moment for NASA and our SpaceX team,” says Steve Stich, manager of NASA’s Commercial Crew Programme.
“We are looking forward to getting this crew to station to continue our important work, and I want to thank the teams for the amazing effort to make the next generation of human space transportation possible.”
During flight, SpaceX commands the spacecraft from its mission control centre in Hawthorne, California, and NASA teams monitor space station operations throughout the flight from the Mission Control Centre at the agency’s Johnson Space Centre in Houston.
Hopkins, Glover, Walker and Noguchi will join the Expedition 64 crew of commander Sergey Ryzhikov and flight engineer Sergey Kud-Sverchkov, both of the Russian space agency Roscosmos, and flight engineer Kate Rubins of NASA.
“It is an honour to have our Japanese astronaut launch on this Crew-1 Dragon as the first astronaut of the international partner participating in the ISS programme,” says Hiroshi Sasaki, JAXA vice-president.
“We look forward to having him conduct lots of science and demonstrate the technology, for here on Earth and for the future. I would also like to thank NASA and SpaceX for their tremendous effort to make this happen.”